Workshop 1 – Kick off Meeting – 22-23 March 2021 (online)

 

The goal of the two-day professional program was to magnify the critical issues and the focus points of the one-and-a-half-year project in a lecture. There were presentations about the local characteristics of corruption, the basic conceptual issues; about the problems which may raise in respect of the measurement/evaluation of corruption, and also about the classification of the phenomenon. The most exciting and intense debate at the discussion has revolved around the unique approach of criminal law, which can only hardly cope with the phenomenal attitude of science, namely criminology. On Tuesday, the issue of victims of corruption, then the law enforcement and the prevention aspects were discussed by the participants, whilst finally the levels of corruption were analyzed. The presentations were very rich in their own right, too, being comprehensive, instructive, and colorful, but they also provided an excellent starting point for the consultation in between the lectures. These debates were (perhaps) the most valuable elements of professional consultation. The meeting, which was highly focused in terms of timing and content, provided a great opportunity for a real professional dialogue, building a bridge not only between the participants – Eastern and Western European countries – but also between the theoretical and practical professionals.

Hereby we would like to thank the participants for their enthusiastic and active presence, the presenters for the great lectures and the moderators for leading the fruitful dialogues!

Presentations:


Michael Levi: Use of terms and choice of criminal assessment

Balázs Garamvölgyi: Measuring corruption

Nicholas Lord: Classification of Corruption

Michael Kilchling: Winners and Losers. Perpetrators and Victims of corruption

Balázs Garamvölgyi: Levels of corruption and the corresponding anti-corruption strategies

Paweł Rutkowski (CBA): How to formulate anti-corruption message for public administration

 

Workshop 2 – Kick off Meeting – 21-22 June 2021 (online)

 

The second online meeting of the CRITCOR project was held on June 21–22, 2021, which was attended by experts from 11 countries, together with Hungary. In their presentations, the Portuguese, Dutch, Romanian, Czech, Croatian and Serbian, as well as the Hungarian speakers mainly presented the difficulties and limitations of corruption research and the practical and ethical dilemmas that arise in connection with the research; and also the results of successful corruption investigations were discussed.
   At the workshop, Hungarian researchers gave lectures on the results of the research carried out within the framework of the CRITCOR project – partly even preliminary ones: the lessons of the so-called “grounding questionnaire” were drawn by Éva Inzelt; whilst Krisztina Farkas gave an insight into the problems of budget fraud. In addition to the definition-problems and indicators suitable for measuring corruption, which are the cornerstones of corruption discussions (Miklós Hajdu), the ethical dimensions of the research were also discussed in the report of Wim Huisman and Madelijne Gorsira. The interpretation of the Portuguese rapporteur (Rita Faria) raised the issue of the relevance and complexity of quantitative studies; elsewhere, participants were able to hear a presentation – by Andra-Roxana Trandafir – on the criminal law regulation of corruption in Romania. The Czech expert Vladimír Naxera magnified the political connotation of corruption in the Czech Republic; while Sunčana Roksandić (Croatia) discussed the EU aspects of the issue and the relationship between organized crime and corruption. The final presentation of the conference was given by Nikola Vujičić, who spoke about the difficulties of criminal law regulation and prevention in Serbia.
   In addition to the presentations, there was an opportunity for a lively professional discourse as well as to discuss the further steps of the project. We would like to thank the experts from Portugal, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Romania, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Serbia and Poland and of course for the Hungarian professionals for their participation in the online discussion; for the great presentations for the presenters and the joint management of the debates for the moderators.

The consultation proved to be extremely useful and in many respects was forward-looking in terms of understanding the phenomenon of corruption and the collaboration between researchers and practitioners. The project will continue with a case processing training in November with experts from four countries.

Presentations:

Day 1st

Éva Inzelt: Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption: Preliminary results

Rita Faria: Qualitative Research Methodologies and Epistemologies int the Field of Corruption

József Kó: First results of the second analysis: Corruption offences in Hungary

Krisztina Farkas: Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption: Preliminary results II.

Andra-Roxana Trandafir: The perspectives of the Romanian legislation on large scale and petty corruption

Wim Huisman – Madelijne Gorsira: Both sides of the coin: Motives for corruption among public officials and business employees


Day 2nd


Miklós Hajdu: Possibilities in Measuring Corruption

Sunčana Roksandić: How to prioritize corruption research in the EU relation to EU Internal and External Security

Vladimír Naxera: Anti-corruption rhetoric within contemporary Czech politics

Nikola Vujičić: Prevention and fight against corruption in Serbia